The IEP Process Basics

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What is an IEP?

An IEP is a plan that your child receives documenting their disability and what accommodations, goals, hours spent in a special education setting, and modifications to the workload your child will receive in school.

What does “IEP” stand for?

IEP stands for Individualized Education Plan, the name of the document which your child is required to receive.

Which Students Qualify for an IEP?

Students who have been diagnosed with one of 13 specified categories of disabilities under the Individuals with Disabilities in Education Act are eligible for IEPs. These disabilities are autism, blindness, deafness, emotional disturbance, hearing impairment, intellectual disability, orthopedic impairments, other health impairments, specified learning disabilities, speech or language impairments, traumatic brain injuries, and visual impairments.

How often is the IEP renewed?

There must be a meeting to renew the IEP at least once a year. However, you may call an IEP meeting with school administrators and teachers at any time.

What will be on my child’s IEP?

Your child’s IEP will contain details and descriptions of goals that the IEP team hopes your child will complete. It also contains accommodations and supports your child will receive. An IEP also documents the number of hours per week your child will spend in special education settings or with special education staff and whether they will need any extra support services outside of traditional school hours.